Category: xumkyhcw

Press release: Interim report 01/2018: Loss of speed restrictions on the Cambrian line

first_imgIR012018_181018_Cambrian_TSRs PDF, 661KB, 13 pages RAIB has today released its interim report following the loss of speed restriction data to trains on the Cambrian line, 20 October 2017.We will publish our findings, including any recommendations to improve safety, at the conclusion of our investigation.Our investigation is independent of any investigation by the railway industry or by the industry’s regulator, the Office of Rail and Road.You can subscribe to automated emails notifying you when we publish our reports.last_img

First New John Mayer Music Since 2014 Is Coming Next Week

first_imgStay tuned for more information on “Love on the Weekend” as it is announced. It’s been a few years since John Mayer has released any new music, and that’s all about to change next week. After a two year layoff since his last single, “XO”, was released, Mayer has announced that “Love on the Weekend” will be released next week on November 17th. While it’s unclear if “Love on the Weekend” is a song, or the new album itself, this is exciting news from the blues guitarist and Dead & Company man.See below for an Instagram post detailing the bare-bones announcement, as well as a short snippet of what seems to be some bluesy new music from his new album.last_img

University returns to normal operations Tuesday

first_imgHarvard University will resume normal operations on Tuesday morning. Classes will be held and all employees are expected to report for work.Staff who have been directly affected by the storm and may have trouble returning to work tomorrow should be in touch with their supervisors about whether it would be appropriate to take a personal day or a vacation day. Faculty, students, and staff who typically rely on public transportation but are unsure if their buses, trains, or ferries will be operating on time will be able to park for free tomorrow with a Harvard ID at one of three University parking lots: 10 Everett St. and 52 Oxford St. in Cambridge, and the Soldiers Field Parking Garage at One Western Ave. in Boston.The details associated with resuming normal operations may vary across the Schools and departments, so please watch for more specific information from your local leaders. Additional updates will be posted to and 617-496-NEWS as necessary.last_img read more

Harvard Law School: The road to marriage equality

first_imgSince at least 1983, when a Harvard Law student wrote a third-year paper exploring a human rights argument for same-sex marriage, HLS has participated in anticipating, shaping, critiquing, analyzing and guiding the long path toward marriage equality.In the 1980s, Harvard Law students wrote papers and student notes  debating the pros and cons of a constitutional right to same-sex marriage in the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses. Those students graduated and became advocates who argued before legislatures and courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, both for and against legal recognitions of same-sex marriage. Others eventually became judges whose decisions created a legal basis for marriage equality, and some became scholars whose contributions inspired a new generation of students, advocates, and judges to think critically and creatively about LGBT rights. Together, they helped shape the course of a social and legal movement that surprised many by its swift changes in both public perception and legal doctrine. Read Full Storylast_img read more

Srikant Datar named dean of Business School

first_imgSrikant Datar, the Arthur Lowes Dickinson Professor of Business Administration and the senior associate dean for University affairs at Harvard Business School (HBS), will become the School’s next dean, President Larry Bacow announced today. Datar will begin his service on Jan. 1.“Srikant Datar is an innovative educator, a distinguished scholar, and a deeply experienced academic leader,” said Bacow in announcing the appointment. “He is a leading thinker about the future of business education, and he has recently played an essential role in HBS’s creative response to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. He has served with distinction in a range of leadership positions over his nearly 25 years at HBS, while also forging novel collaborations with other Harvard Schools.“Srikant will come to the deanship with a broad international perspective, decades of close engagement with business practice, and a strong commitment to building an increasingly diverse and inclusive HBS community,” Bacow added. “He is also a warm, generous, and thoughtful colleague and mentor — someone whose leadership experience, intimate knowledge of HBS, deep devotion to the institution, and talent for catalyzing constructive change all promise to serve the School and the University well, at a pivotal moment for business education.”Since joining the HBS faculty in 1996, Datar has held a series of key positions, as the School’s senior associate dean responsible for faculty recruiting, for faculty development, for executive education, for research, and currently for University affairs. He has served since 2015 as faculty chair of the Harvard Innovation Labs, or i-lab. He has written and spoken extensively on the future of business education, and his wide-ranging academic interests encompass design thinking, data science, artificial intelligence, innovative problem solving, strategy implementation, and cost management. Most recently, he has been intensively engaged in envisioning and implementing the innovative hybrid teaching and learning model that HBS has adopted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.“I am equal measures humbled and honored to take on this role,” said Datar. “Harvard Business School is an institution with a remarkable legacy of impact in research, education, and practice.  Yet the events of the past year have hastened our passage to an unforeseen future. I look forward to working with colleagues and friends of the School — including throughout Harvard, in our Boston community, and around the world — to realize our mission in what undoubtedly will be an exciting new era.”Datar will become the 11th dean in the Business School’s 112-year history. He will succeed Nitin Nohria, who last November announced his plans to conclude his deanship at the end of June 2020, after 10 years of distinguished service, but agreed to continue through this December in view of the pandemic.“Srikant is an outstanding choice as Harvard Business School’s next dean,” said Nohria. “He has thought deeply about the challenges and opportunities facing management education, and has a proven record of collaboration, innovation, and leadership — not only within HBS, but across Harvard and at other organizations. He is deeply respected for his judgment, admired for the genuine enthusiasm he brings to his research and teaching, and beloved as a colleague. I am confident, through the remainder of the pandemic and beyond, he will chart an inspired course for the School.”Datar received his bachelor’s degree, with distinction, from the University of Bombay in 1973. A chartered accountant, he went on to receive a postgraduate diploma in business management from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, before completing master’s degrees in statistics (1983) and economics (1984) and a Ph.D. in business (1985), all from Stanford University. From 1984 to 1989, he was an assistant professor and then associate professor at the Carnegie Mellon Graduate School of Industrial Administration, where he was honored with the George Leland Bach Teaching Award. From 1989 to 1996, he served on the faculty of the Stanford Graduate School of Business, where he rose to become the Littlefield Professor of Accounting and Management and was recognized with the school’s Distinguished Teaching Award.Over more than a decade, Datar has emerged as a prominent thinker and innovator on the future of business education and in strengthening HBS’s educational ties with other parts of Harvard. He was co-author, with David Garvin and Patrick Cullen, of “Rethinking the MBA: Business Education at a Crossroads” (2010). More recently, he has developed new courses on “Developing Mindsets for Innovative Problem Solving” and “Managing with Data Science,” both of which have included students from other Harvard Schools as well as HBS. He had a guiding hand in launching both the M.S.-M.B.A. in biotechnology and life sciences (with the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and Harvard Medical School) and the M.S.-M.B.A. in engineering sciences (with the Harvard Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences) joint degree programs. He helped shape the Harvard Business Analytics Program, a collaborative certificate program (jointly taught by HBS, FAS, and SEAS faculty) designed for professionals interested in better analyzing, understanding, and using data.“In multiple roles over the years, Srikant has been remarkably effective at moving HBS forward,” said Provost Alan M. Garber. “Among other things, he has strengthened the i-lab’s role as a nucleus of innovation, guided the creation of an executive-education program in data science, and brought together colleagues across Schools to launch new joint-degree programs in biotech and engineering sciences. He consistently builds bridges across disciplines and organizations, he understands HBS’s challenges and opportunities, and he has his sights set firmly on its success in a time of disruptive change.”Datar’s own research interests cover a wide terrain. His initial areas of focus included cost management and control, strategy implementation, and governance. In more recent times, beyond his work on the future of business education, he has turned his attention to such areas as design thinking and innovative problem solving, as well as machine learning and artificial intelligence. He has published numerous articles in scholarly journals on such topics as activity-based management, quality, productivity, time-based competition, new product development, bottleneck management, incentives, and performance evaluation. He has also served on several editorial boards.As a native of India who has traveled widely on HBS’s behalf, Datar brings a broad international perspective to his work. He has presented his research to audiences of academics and executives in North America, South America, Asia, Africa, and Europe. He has led discussions and workshops on management education on several continents, has written numerous papers and cases focused on enterprises based abroad, and is faculty co-chair of the HBS Senior Executive Program–Africa, which was launched in 2016 and has since offered programs for executives in South Africa, Rwanda, Ghana, and Mauritius. He also serves on the governing body of the Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta.Through research, executive education, case development, and consulting, he has engaged with business practice across a wide span of industries. He also has a record of distinguished service on various corporate boards, and in August the National Association of Corporate Directors honored him as its Public Company Director of the Year. He currently serves on the boards of ICF International, Novartis AG, Stryker Corporation, and T-Mobile US.In a message introducing Datar as HBS’s next dean, Bacow extended his thanks to the many members of the HBS community who offered advice on the search.He also renewed his gratitude to Nohria, “who has led HBS with such wisdom, integrity, and foresight for the past decade — and whose willingness to extend his deanship through the end of 2020 has done so much to help HBS and Harvard navigate these challenging times.”Founded in 1908, the Business School is located on a 40-acre campus in Boston. Its faculty of more than 200 offer full-time programs leading to the M.B.A. and doctoral degrees, as well as more than 70 open-enrollment executive-education programs and 55 custom programs, and Harvard Business School Online, the digital-learning platform. For more than a century, HBS faculty have drawn on their research, their experience in working with organizations worldwide, and their passion for teaching to educate leaders who make a difference, shaping the practice of business and entrepreneurship around the globe.last_img read more

University to change primary Wi-Fi networks

first_imgThe Office of Information Technologies (OIT) announced April 4 that the Wi-Fi on Notre Dame’s main campus would be switched to a new network this summer. The change, which was announced in a campus-wide email, is planned for June 4, 2017, and will see the University switching from “ND-secure,” the current Wi-Fi network, to “Eduroam.”In the email, OIT said the goal of the change was “[t]o provide a more reliable wireless service,” and specified it “will not affect any of the Global Gateway locations.” The email also encourages students to install the new utility required for “Eduroam” access before “ND-secure” is removed in June.On its website, “Eduroam” describes itself as “the secure, world-wide roaming access service developed for the international research and education community.“‘Eduroam’ allows students, researchers and staff from participating institutions to obtain Internet connectivity across campus and when visiting other participating institutions by simply opening their laptop.” “Eduroam” is already widely used among American colleges and institutions, including Duke University, the University of California colleges and the National Institutes of Health, among others. Chris Corrente, Manager of Applications Development within OIT, said in an email the switch was motivated by a desire to simplify internet access on campus and by the added ability to access the network from off-campus.“Given that ‘Eduroam’ and ‘ND-secure’ provide the same level of functionality and access, our goal is to simplify the network infrastructure and provide improved support by standardizing on a single secure wireless network for campus.” he said. “‘ … Eduroam’ provides the same level of performance, access and security as that of ‘ND-secure.’ The added benefit is that not only can you connect to the ‘Eduroam’ wireless network here on campus, you can also connect to it when visiting other schools that are part of the ‘Eduroam’ community.”Despite the network change, Corrente also said, “Students will not notice any change in the Internet services they can access when switching from ND-secure to ‘Eduroam.’”The move to “Eduroam,” Corrente also said in an email interview, is expected to be in place for a long time.“At this time, the change is part of the long-term future for the campus wireless network,” he said. “As with all technology, the OIT will assess any future changes as needed to meet the wireless needs of campus.”Corrente also urged students to get on the network as soon as possible, although “ND-secure” will remain until June.“Because Back-to-School week is a busy time for students, we recommend students switch their devices to ‘Eduroam’ before leaving for the summer,” he said.“Once you return to campus in August, you will be already set up to connect to the wireless network.”The “Eduroam” utility needed for accessing the network can be installed at and OIT help line can be reached at Eduroam, Office of Information Technologieslast_img read more

Richard Eyre on Directing Le Nozze di Figaro & Conjuring Ghosts

first_imgAs the familiar strain of the Le Nozze di Figaro overture soars through the Metropolitan Opera House, you won’t find any stuffy 18th-century costumes or powdered wigs. In Sir Richard Eyre’s new staging of the Mozart classic, the lights come up on an unexpected visual: a maid, post-tryst, naked from the waist up. Yes, sex sells—even in the opera world—but as the Olivier Award-winning director explains to, staging an opera that’s all about sex requires more than showing some skin. “It’s all in performance,” the director says. “It’s just getting a group of singers prepared to be uninhibited and prepared to pay attention to the detail of the acting and the feelings, just as they do to the music.” It’s a challenge that not all singers may immediately recognize, but Eyre insists, “You have to pay equal attention to the performance as to the music. It doesn’t make sense to me to have an order of priorities.” Show Closed This production ended its run on Feb. 22, 2020 Lincoln Center may be just north of the Theater District, but if given the opportunity, Eyre would mount an English-language The Marriage of Figaro on the Great White Way—an adaptation “more in the idiom of musical theater.” Eyre also revealed that his Olivier-winning production of Ibsen’s Ghosts, which played London’s Almeida Theatre and West End’s Trafalgar Studios, will make its New York premiere at Brooklyn Academy of Music in April. Eyre has staged two productions playing the Met this fall: Figaro, which opened the season on September 22, and his repertory production of Carmen, which premiered in 2009. Both are set in the late 1920s and early ‘30s in Seville. “It’s close enough to contemporary costume that people are able to identify with the characters in a much more accessible way,” Eyre reasons. And if you’re still not an opera fan? “I pity you,” the director says with a laugh. “You are depriving yourself of a really great experience.” But until directing La Traviata at the Royal Opera House in 1994, even Eyre considered himself an opera skeptic. That responsibility of balance also lies with the conductor, Met Music Director James Levine. “Sometimes with opera—I’ve never experienced this—but people complain of the conductor pulling rank,” Eyre says. “[Levine] doesn’t behave that way at all. The two of us are engaged in making music theater.” center_img Related Shows Metropolitan Opera: Le Nozze di Figaro Until then, audiences can catch eight remaining performances of the very sexy Le Nozze di Figaro at the Metropolitan Opera through December 20 and Carmen through March 7. View Commentslast_img read more

Insect ID

first_imgHave you ever spotted a bug in your house and not known what it was?The University of Georgia Structural Pest Management Program (SPM) hosts annual integrated pest management (IPM) workshops focused on the home to help pest control operators identify and manage household pests.The fall 2018 Home IPM Workshop was held Aug. 9 at the UGA Griffin campus and included pest control operators from Georgia and Alabama.UGA entomologists and Georgia Department of Agriculture representatives made presentations at the workshop. Lecture topics included IPM basics, inspection tips, pesticide regulations, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) updates and record-keeping techniques. The afternoon session was held in the SPM insect identification lab and Georgia Structural Pest Control Training Center and focused on insect identification and management.“This is the only program around that offers hands-on learning,” said Kenneth Norris, owner of Norris Pest Control in Alabama. “There is a big difference between looking at images in a presentation and seeing the insects on a slide in person. All of our pest control operators attend these trainings.”The insect identification portion of the workshop highlighted the larval and adult stages of the most common pests found in homes, such as drugstore, saw-toothed grain and carpet beetles; rice weevils; fruit, humpbacked and drain flies; smokybrown cockroaches; springtails; and acrobat and Asian needle ants.“There are about 30,000 species of beetle that are brown or black,” said Dan Suiter, the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences entomologist who leads the workshops. “Insect identification is crucial because some beetles are indicator pests, which suggests there is another problem, like mold.”The workshop offers pest control state credits to operators. Georgia operators receive five Household Pest Control (HPC) credits. Alabama operators receive 10 HPC and Household Pest Control/Branch Supervisor (HPB) points. South Carolina operators receive eight continuing certification hour credits. Tennessee operators receive five C07, C08, C10 and C12 points.The UGA SPM offers 10 workshops a year. Five of these classes include an insect ID component.The fall 2019 Home IPM Workshop is set for August 2019. For more information on home IPM or to view other UGA workshop offerings, visit the SPM website at read more

U.S. coal consumption to fall to 1979 levels by year’s end, government agency says

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Associated Press:Americans are consuming less coal in 2018 than at any time since Jimmy Carter’s presidency, a federal report said Tuesday, as cheap natural gas and other rival sources of energy frustrate the Trump administration’s pledges to revive the U.S. coal industry.A report by the U.S. Energy Information Administration projected Tuesday that 2018 would see the lowest U.S. coal consumption since 1979, as well as the second-greatest number on record of coal-fired power plants shutting down.The country’s electrical grid accounts for most of U.S. coal consumption. U.S. coal demand has been falling since 2007 in the face of competition from increasingly abundant and affordable natural gas and renewable energy, such as solar and wind power. Tougher pollution rules also have compelled some older, dirtier-burning coal plants to close rather than upgrade their equipment to trap more harmful coal emissions.President Donald Trump has made bringing back the coal industry and abundant coal jobs a tenet of his administration. He and other Republicans frequently attacked former President Barack Obama for waging what they called a “war on coal” through increased regulations that Republicans said killed jobs and harmed the industry. “The coal industry is back,” Trump declared at one rally in West Virginia last summer.Federal government figures continue to show otherwise, however, as market forces inexorably tamp down coal demand. The Energy Information Administration says coal consumption by the country’s power grid will end the year down 4 percent, and fall another 8 percent in 2019.More: U.S. coal consumption drops to lowest level since 1979 U.S. coal consumption to fall to 1979 levels by year’s end, government agency sayslast_img read more

Cocaine-Laden Airliners Crossing South Atlantic

first_img A growing problem Indictments recently filed in a New York federal court paint a detailed picture of how South American drug organizations use retired commercial airliners to move multi-ton shipments of cocaine across the Atlantic Ocean. Countries along or near the West African coast are used as the “trans-shipment hubs” for landing the cocaine-filled airliners before the loads are sent on to Europe, one of the indictments states. While revelations about drug-filled airliners are not new – there were widely publicized reports after a DC-9 loaded with 5,600 kilos of cocaine was seized in Mexico in 2006 – the scope of the recent smuggling operations and their links to terrorist groups are startling. Drug cartels, predominately based in Colombia and Venezuela, shipped hundreds of tons of cocaine worth billions of dollars to places such as Guinea Bissau, Guinea Conakry, Sierra Leone, Togo, Mali, Ghana, Nigeria and Liberia, according to one indictment. The FARC (Furezas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) is one of the major suppliers of Europe-bound cocaine and that the group protects the shipments until the planes depart for Africa, the indictments say. Since 1997, the U.S. has designated the FARC a foreign terrorist organization. High-level public officials in small West African nations are bribed with “large cash payments and narcotics in order to ensure the safe passage, storage and distribution of their cocaine shipments,” one indictment states. Most of the cocaine flown to Africa is bound for Europe, where demand has been rising over the past decade. South American gangs are turning to airplanes because European navies have been intercepting more boat shipments along the African coast, trafficking experts told the Associated Press. “We started stopping the maritime traffic, basically, so then they started going to air traffic more and more,” said Theodore Leggett, a smuggling expert with the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime in Vienna. The U.N. agency began warning about trans-Atlantic drug planes after Nov. 2, 2009, when a burned-out Boeing 727 was found in the desert in Mali. Drug smugglers had flown the jet from Venezuela, unloaded it and then torched it, investigators said. In Mali, the blackened hulk of the retired airliner became known as the Coca Cola plane. “That shows you the strength of the drug cartels, and how much money they have,” Rinaldo Depagne, a West Africa expert at the International Crisis Group in Dakar, Senegal told the Christian Science Monitor. “It’s like a plastic [Coca Cola] bottle to them. When you are done with it, you just throw it away.” By Dialogo November 23, 2010 Someone tell Mr. Scott Decker the Dean of the Criminology Faculty at the University of Arizona that Nooooooo A DC9 would not make it Cabo San Roque, Brazil to Sierra Leone in Africa and this is the longest stretch of the Atlantic not even a DC9 with maximum autonomy of 3.430 km will cover the 3520 km between the points mentioned now a modification to adapt an extra tank is complicated and time-consuming and I believe they should use a Boeing 727 or DC8. Other recent cases • A ring known as the Valencia-Arbelaez Organization was uncovered by U.S. agents after purchasing a plane for $2 million that it intended to use to for monthly flights between Venezuela and Guinea. The group claimed to have six aircraft already flying between South America and West Africa, according to the Associated Press. • Three Sierra Leone men, accused of scouting out airstrips and arranging for a four-ton flight of cocaine from South America in March. • Francisco Gonzalez Uribe, a Colombian trafficker due to be sentenced this month. He was recorded while trying to purchase large aircraft including a DC-8, a four-engine jet. • Walid Makled-Garcia, who prosecutors say controlled airstrips in Venezuela used to launch drug flights. Prosecutors say Makled-Garcia was behind one of the biggest drug plane shipments in recent years: the DC-9 that landed in Mexico in 2006 with more than 12,300 pounds of cocaine on board. He currently is in custody in Colombia and being sought for extradition by both the U.S. and Venezuelan governments. center_img Inside a conspiracy Agents from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration got a rare glimpse into the inner workings of one of these high-flying smuggling conspiracies in May 2009, when a South American drug organization attempted to bribe Liberian officials who were working undercover for the DEA. Thus began a case that ended with the June 2010 arrests of five men and the seizure of a plane filled with thousands of kilos of cocaine. The five currently face trial in New York after Liberia extradited them to the U.S. A sixth man, who is believed to be behind the conspiracy, currently is being sought by Colombian and U.S. authorities. Chigbo Peter Umeh, a Nigerian, and Jorge Ivan Salazar Castano, a Colombian, met with the director and deputy director of the Republic of Liberia National Security Agency May 15, 2009, according to court documents. At that meeting, Umeh and Salazar Castano agreed to pay the two officials $400,000 to ensure the safe passage of 700 kilos of cocaine into Liberia, according to the documents. Umeh also allegedly bragged during the meeting that he and Salazar Castano had previously sent aircraft containing thousands of kilos of cocaine into Guinea Bissau, Guinea Conakry and Liberia. Umeh again met with the Liberian officials Oct. 10, 2009, this time offering a $200,000 down payment for their help in connection with the shipment of 2,000 kilos of cocaine from South America to Liberia, the indictment states. During that meeting he also allegedly said his organization wanted to ship an additional 2,000 kilos before the end of 2009 and that the Liberian officials would be paid $1.4 million for their help. By February of this year, the indictment states, the Colombian organization was looking to move another 4,000 kilos and started asking about planes and pilots that might be available in Africa. At that point, Konstantin Yaroshenko, a Russian pilot and air logistics expert was contacted by a DEA confidential source. Yaroshenko agreed to provide an aircraft and crew to transport the 4,000-kilo load from South America to Liberia during a series of meetings in Ukraine in early March,, the indictment states. He later e-mailed pictures and detailed specifications for two airplanes, an Antonov 12 and an Ilyushin 76, which he proposed to use to transport the cocaine from Liberia to other points in Africa, according to the indictment. Yaroshenko traveled to Liberia in May. At a meeting with Umeh and members of the Colombian drug trafficking organization, the Russian pilot said he would charge $4.5 million to fly the 4.000-kilo cocaine load from Venezuela to Liberia and an additional $1.2 million to fly it from Liberia to Ghana, according to the indictment. At later meetings, Yaroshenko and Umeh discussed provisioning an aircraft for the flight from Venezuela to Liberia and Yaroshenko said he could accommodate shipments as large as 6 or 7 tons in future flights, according to the court documents. At a meeting on May 15, Umeh said the 4,000-kilo shipment originated with the FARC in Colombia and that there was no reason for pilots to be concerned about their safety because the FARC would guarantee their security while in Colombia, the indictment said. According to U.S. authorities, the man behind the shipment was Marcel Acevedo Sarmiento, a cocaine supplier based in Colombia and Venezuela who was capable of transporting thousand-kilogram quantities of cocaine from South America to various locations in West Africa. Acevedo Sarmiento claimed in a series of recorded telephone conversations with a DEA confidential source to have been involved in the cocaine trafficking business for more than 20 years. While he was coordinating the shipment from Venezuela to Liberia, Acevedo Sarmiento confirmed to the confidential source that the cocaine had been protected by the FARC. Acevedo Sarmiento sent a flight plan for the shipment by e-mail to the confidential source on May 21, according to the indictment. The flight plan was issued in Venezuela and identified an aircraft and departure date of May 26, 2010. During recorded phone conversations on May 27 and 28, Acevedo Sarmiento informed the confidential source that the flight was delayed by bad weather and later because of the need to pay local officials to permit the plane to depart. Acevedo Sarmiento told the confidential source the next day that Venezuelan authorities had seized his plane, which he claimed was worth $35 million, as well as the cocaine that it contained, and had directed him to leave the country. That’s when Liberian authorities swept in and arrested Umeh, Salazar Castano, Yaroshenko and two other men; Nathaniel French and Kudufia Mawuko. The United States currently is coordinating with Colombian authorities to locate and apprehend Acevedo Sarmiento. Liberia extradited the five men to the U.S., where they are facing trials in a New York federal court. All of the defendants are charged with one count of conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute cocaine, knowing or intending that the cocaine would be imported into the United States. This offense carries a minimum sentence of 10 years in prison and a maximum term of life imprisonment. The U.S. is prosecuting the men because a portion of each shipment was destined for the American market. The vast distances between South American cocaine labs and the growing number of drug users in European countries are no problem for the large airliners. Most have the range to make the 3,900-mile flight or can be modified to carry more fuel. Recent downturns in the world economy have made more airplanes and pilots available for hire. Several websites list aging trans-Atlantic capable airliners for sale for less than $1 million. In an interview with the BBC, Professor Scott Decker, director of the School of Criminology at the University of Arizona, said the European demand has grown so much that “it pays to buy a DC-9, and pay for fuel and the pilot to fly to Africa before making the leap to Europe.” “The traffickers would have previously use boats or small planes but now, by using equipment such as DC-9, they can get from Central and South America to Africa,” Decker said. “Drug dealers, like most criminal organizations are dynamic and change. They can adapt to new markets and new attempts to stop them.”last_img read more