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US productivity increases at 2 per cent rate in second quarter while

by Martin Crutsinger, The Associated Press Posted Nov 6, 2014 6:47 am MDT WASHINGTON – U.S. workers’ productivity increased in the July-September period at a slower pace than in the previous quarter. Labor costs accelerated but still remained at an extremely low level.Productivity, the amount of output per hour of work, rose at a 2 per cent annual rate in the third quarter after a 2.9 per cent gain in the second quarter, the Labor Department reported Thursday.Labour costs rose at a slight 0.3 per cent rate in the third quarter after having fallen at a 0.5 per cent rate in the second quarter.Greater productivity is the key factor determining rising living standards. It enables companies to pay their workers more without having to increase prices. Even with the small acceleration in labour costs, they remain far below levels that would raise concerns about inflation.Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, said that the main message from the report was that productivity is accelerating while labour costs remain under control.He said that productivity numbers have shown gains above 2 per cent in four of the past five quarters with the first quarter’s sharp decline a result of the severe winter weather that sent the economy into reverse in the first three months of this year.Discounting that drop, Shepherson said, the economy is seeing “a notable pick-up in productivity growth.”The overall economy, as measured by the gross domestic product, grew at an annual rate of 3.5 per cent in the third quarter, a solid performance that followed a 4.6 per cent surge in the second quarter.The GDP is the economy’s total output of goods and services. Since output growth slowed in the third quarter, productivity slowed as well.Over the past year, labour costs have risen 2.4 per cent, a modest increase that is below the long-run average of 2.8 per cent annual gains. That suggests that wages and salaries are not rising fast enough to spur inflation.The Federal Reserve keeps a close watch on productivity and labour costs for any signs that inflation may be accelerating.Over the past year, productivity has increased by a modest 0.9 per cent, well below the long-run average of 2.2 per cent.Productivity surged in 2009 and 2010 in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Companies cut jobs faster than their output was falling. driving productivity higher as fewer workers did more. Productivity grew 3.2 per cent in 2009 and 3.3 per cent in 2010.But in the past three years, productivity growth has averaged just 1 per cent per year as hiring has picked up. Economists are uncertain whether this is just a temporary slowdown or a new normal for the economy. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email US productivity increases at 2 per cent rate in second quarter while labour costs up slightly read more

Funding announced for Brock research of boxing program for women trans survivors

Tania Jivraj had just given birth. Having experienced violence in her past, she was overwhelmed with postpartum depression and wondering just how she was going to make it as a new mother.“I felt quite unskilled,” she recalls. “I didn’t feel I could maneuver the world in a healthy, safe way, I didn’t actually know what to do; I had no idea what direction to go into.”Luckily, Jivraj was a volunteer board member of the women’s support organization Opportunity for Advancement. Executive director Joanne Green encouraged her to be a participant in the first group of a pilot project called “Shape Your Life.”A decade later, Shape Your Life has helped empower more than 1,200 women and trans survivors of violence through a free recreational boxing program at a gym in Toronto.On Friday, Nov. 25, the Public Health Agency of Canada announced it was funding the research of Shape Your Life co-founder and Brock University researcher Cathy van Ingen, along with Department of Kinesiology associate professor Kimberley Gammage more than $420,000 to evaluate the effectiveness of the Shape Your Life program.“While there is significant evidence from participants of Shape Your Life that this program is valuable to them, this study will allow us to provide further evidence of its benefits, with a focus on the positive outcomes of Shape Your Life – including a greater sense of control and better feelings about the self,” says Gammage.With the three-year Public Health Agency of Canada grant, van Ingen and Gammage will be able to measure the program’s impact on 225 participants’ self-esteem, resilience, PTSD, social supports and other areas of their lives.At the beginning of each 14-week program, around 25 participants will fill out detailed questionnaires measuring various aspects of their physical and mental health. They will fill out the same questionnaire halfway through the program, when the program ends, and again six months later.Shape Your Life is held at the Toronto Newsgirls Boxing Club, known as the first women-led boxing club in Canada.Created by van Ingen, boxing coach Savoy Howe, and Opportunity for Advancement’s Green in Toronto in 2007, the idea is to use physical movement as a way of empowering women.“We use physical activity to create a safe environment where participants can focus on reconnecting and regaining control of their bodies and on rebuilding their lives, feeling less anxious, less rage and in more control,” says van Ingen, associate professor in the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences’ Department of Kinesiology.“Trauma is held in people’s bodies and healing from violence involves knowing and feeling that you are in charge of your own body.”Shape Your Life differs from conventional counseling programs in that the focus is on using physical activity – rather than only talking – to help women work through the trauma they experienced from violence.Included within the program are additional supports for the women, such as a food bank and transit tokens.Among the many amazing transformations van Ingen has witnessed since the program launched in 2007 is that of Jivraj, who is now Shape Your Life’s program coordinator.In the decade from being a ‘pilot participant’ to program coordinator, Jivraj earned two university degrees: a Bachelor of Social Work and a Master of Social Work.She recalls how the physical motions of boxing and exercise led her to develop thoughts of strength and control during her step-by-step journey.“I do remember this moment when I came out of the gym and I’m walking and I realize, ‘I’m walking tall, I’m walking in the middle of the sidewalk, I’m not trying to make myself small or invisible or make it OK for people to walk around me,” says Jivraj. “That is so powerful.” read more