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Laurie Foster: Supporting Cameron Blazers

first_img TO THE NEXT LEVEL Coming to mind are Jermaine Gonzales, (national record holder from 2010 with 44.40); Javere Bell, national champion in 2013, 45.00); Jaheel Hyde, still a junior with a 400m hurdles personal best of 49.01 and reigning champion at that event and 110m hurdles at the World Junior Championships and Youth Olympics, respectively. There is also Rosemarie Whyte-Robinson, the 2008 national champion with a then career best of 50.05. Osaka World Championship 200m finalist, Marvin Anderson, now turned coach and administrator, will adapt to the crucial role as manager of the club’s talent. After a stint with the Racers Track Club, Bert is now steering his own ship. This must be the engine he needs to drive his own coaching future. Even with the tools he has already assembled, a lot more is required. There is a template of the ultimate in success established by his former employers, led by the inimitable Glen Mills and their counterparts down the road, in Stephen Francis’ MVP. They did not attain their current lofty perch without strong financial backing. Foster’s Fairplay reaches out to Corporate Jamaica and Cameron’s St Jago High School family, especially the super-active overseas-based chapters, to afford the platform that the Blazers need to move their effort to the next level. Jamaica has blazed the trail in this event, starting with the Helsinki Olympics quartet of Arthur Wint, Les Laing, Herb McKenley and George Rhoden in 1952. If anyone is capable of bringing the country back to that level, Bert Cameron surely can. – For Feedback: E-mail [email protected] Courtesy of track and field athlete mentor and considerably more, Hugh Scott, Foster’s Fairplay was invited to support a fund-raising. The idea was to stir the pot on assistance for the Cameron Blazers Track Club. Those associated with the sport will recognise Scott, a Calabar Old Boy, as someone who works behind the scenes to give nurture and sustenance to a project in which he believes. Without his permission, this journalist will say no more. Suffice to add that, from personal experience, his passion and commitment have mushroomed to give recognition and reward, which have proven to be of inestimable value to young athletes. Cameron Blazers, the relatively new track and field learning institution, is founded and administered by 1983 Helsinki 400m World champion, Bertland Cameron. It was the inaugural staging of the prestigious event. Of those privileged to be listening to the BBC commentary, who can forget mention of “the boy from Spanish Town”, so described one is sure with no intention or desire to demean or disrespect. It was a moment of pride for Jamaica in an era where the ground work was just being laid for the multiple medal scenario that popped out at us, come Beijing 2008 and the (Usain) Bolt and Shelly (Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce) factor. The following year came the Los Angeles Olympics. Expectations ran high. Cameron was at the top of the world in the 400m. In the semi-finals, he stormed out to settle a verbal and mental battle with the United States’ number two man, Antonio McKay, who was talking up a storm about his pending encounter with our boy Bert. Popular feeling is that the focus on the blabbermouth, McKay, led to that extra effort on the backstretch, result a pulled hamstring mid race and what should have been an end to his Olympics. Vividly recalled, is the shout coming from a friend and freight forwarder, Delroy, at whose home in Florida the race was being watched: “He is coming back for them!” Bert was fourth and qualified injury and all for the final two days later. The pain and disappointment of not being able to take his lane and repeat the previous year’s gold medal performance still lingers for some. They form the basis of the wish for him to put his imprint on an event where the world has witnessed and welcomed his immense talent as a performer. With all that history and the potent support in his corner, the former national record holder (44.50 at the 1988 Seoul Olympics) will have his challenges. He has had his comeuppance with detractors, which has been part of the politics of the sport. He is blessed to have in his camp a number of athletes who have already signalled their one-lap value on the global scene.last_img read more

More Big Problems with Human Evolution

first_imgFossil discoveries keep “rewriting” or “overturning” accepted ideas about human evolution. Here are two more recent examples.by Jerry Bergman, PhDSeveral new research studies have been recently adding to a growing number of problems with the evolutionary theory of human origins. This topic is important because the concern over evolution has been primarily with human evolution, not the evolution of reptiles or birds. It is human evolution that has been the main focus of the evolutionary debate from Darwin’s day to today. This is one reason why Darwin deliberately avoided the topic in his 1859 book titled On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.[1] However, much scuttlebutt existed among Darwin’s readers and critics about whether or not evolution explained the origin of  humans.[2]Then, in 1871, Darwin responded to the human evolution undercurrent and released his long-awaited book, The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. This book was specifically about human evolution.[3] Even the 1925 Scopes Trial, often called America’s Most Famous Trial[4] was only about human evolution. The Butler Act, which was the focus of the trial, only prohibited teaching human evolution, not evolution in general. The act is as follows:Section 1.  Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, That it shall be unlawful for any teacher in any of the Universities, Normals and all other public schools of the State which are supported in whole or in part by the public school funds of the State, to teach any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals.[5]The interest in human evolution has also resulted in much research on this topic. Probably more books have been written on human evolution than on the evolution of any animal, vertebrate or invertebrate. Evolutionists claim that the interest in human evolution is one reason we have more fossil evidence for human evolution than for almost any other vertebrate except dinosaurs.[6]  One scientist claimed there are so many human-evolution fossils that no one knows the exact number.[7] He added the pace of discovery of fossils related to human evolution “now is too fast to track. Each year for the last decade, anthropologists have unearthed hundreds of fossil specimens from extinct hominin species and populations.”[8] Hawks added that by the year2012, the Sima de los Huesos hominin assemblage, near Burgos, Spain, numbered more than 6500 specimens from at least 28 individuals. Many more fossils are recovered in every field season. In South Africa, the Rising Star hominin sample today numbers more than 2000 specimens from at least 18 individuals. This deposit of hominin fossils was completely unknown until 2013. From just two caves, that is nearly 9000 fossil hominin specimens.[9]The problem is, the more fossils that are unearthed, the more problems that arise against the consensus theory of human evolution. I will review just two recent examples. One is an “analysis of a 160,000-year-old archaic human molar fossil discovered in China [which] offers the first morphological evidence of interbreeding between archaic humans and Homo sapiens in Asia.”[10] Evidence of interbreeding between archaic humans and Homo sapiens indicates the so-called archaic humans are fully human, given the common definition of species: namely, if two creatures can interbreed, they are by definition the same species or ‘kind’ of creature. The best example is the once-assumed evolutionary link between our primate ancestors and modern humans, the so-called Neanderthals, are now regarded as fully modern humans – just a different ethnic group.[11]The tri-rooted molar (Max Planck Institute)The Three-rooted Lower Molar FindingThe three-rooted lower molar study centers on a three-rooted human lower molar, which is a rare trait found primarily in modern Asians. It was previously believed to have evolved after H. sapiens dispersed from Africa. Almost every human’s 3rd molars have two roots. The molars and premolars crush the food and are held in the gums by two roots. The three-rooted lower molar was located on a hominin lower mandible of what was considered an archaic human who lived in Asia more than 160,000 Darwin years ago, but it also exists among modern Asians. The tooth was part of a discovery made in 1980 on the Tibetan Plateau in Baishiya Karst Cave in Xiahe, China.[12] The researchers concluded “The trait’s presence in the fossil suggests both that it is older than previously understood and that some modern Asian groups obtained the trait through interbreeding with a sister group of Neanderthals, the Denisovans.”In a previous study, published in Nature, Bailey and her colleagues concluded that the Denisovans occupied the Tibetan Plateau long before Homo sapiens arrived in the region. Denisovans, or Denisova hominins, are believed to be an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo. Bailey described the implications of their fossil find as follows:In Asia, there have long been claims for continuity between archaic and modern humans because of some shared traits … But many of those traits are primitive or are not unique to Asians. However, the three-rooted lower molar trait is unique to Asian groups. Its presence in a 160,000-year-old archaic human in Asia strongly suggests the trait was transferred to H. sapiens in the region through interbreeding with archaic humans in Asia.[13]The Proceedings of the National Academy of Science article summarized the research as follows:It has long been thought that the prevalence of 3-rooted lower molars in Asia is a relatively late acquisition occurring well after the origin and dispersal of H. sapiens. However, the presence of a 3-rooted lower second molar in this 160,000-year-old fossil hominin suggests greater antiquity for the trait. Importantly, it also provides morphological evidence of a strong link between archaic and recent Asian H. sapiens populations.[14]In other words, the archaic human thought to be 160,000-years old possesses a trait common only in modern Asians and no other ethnicity. The major question of why is answered by the possibility of interbreeding, indicating that the once assumed primitive evolutionary ancestors, the Denisovans, and modern Chinese are the same species as are the Neanderthals and modern man! Another possibility is that they were, or are, sub-ethnic Asians, or another Asian population that had ethnic features interpreted as primitive, just like the Neanderthal example.Another ExampleThe second example illustrates once again how tentative evolutionary stories can be. A headline in The Independent exclaims, “300,000-year-old skulls that look shockingly like ours could rewrite the human origin story.”[15] The article admits the fact that when and where our species emerged is a question that “anthropologists have struggled with … for decades, and scattered clues had suggested the answer lay somewhere in sub-Saharan Africa about 200,000 [Darwin] years ago.”[16] New evidence published in the journal Nature challenges this dominant hypothesis. The study by paleoanthropologists described recently-discovered remains indicating the first Homo sapiens appeared 150,000 years earlier than once thought, and in a location on Earth that is very different than sub-Saharan Africa—namely, in a land that is known today as Morocco. Thus, modern humans appeared 350,000 years ago, meaning some of our supposed ancestors could not be our ancestors because they lived contemporaneously with modern humans!The FindIn 1961, a mining crew was plowing into a hilly region when they noticed a nearly-complete skull. Thinking it was a recently deceased person, the miners turned it over to their field doctor. They later uncovered several pieces of jaw and an arm fragment. Scientists then estimated the fossils were roughly 40,000 years old.About 40 years later, anthropologist Jean-Jacques Hublin and his associates excavated a half-dozen layers of soil beneath the land where the skull and arm bones were originally discovered. They found remains of at least five individuals, along with flint blades which gave evidence of being used to start cooking fires. By measuring the radiation built up in the flint since it was heated, Hublin estimated the bones belonged to people who lived roughly 300,000 to 350,000 years ago. Thus the age has progressed from 40,000 to as much as 350,000 years old, or almost 9 times older!Modern Tibetans have Denisovan DNA (Discover Magazine)A Striking ResemblanceInstead of the robust features on the faces of ancient human ancestors like Homo erectus or Homo heidelbergensis, this face bore a striking resemblance to our own. Homo erectus skulls have a single protruding brow ridge, but these newly discovered individuals possessed the modern smaller, separated brow ridges. Rather than a large face and a flattened skull typical of putative ancient pre-humans, these people had the modern small faces and rounder skulls. Their brain case size were between an ancient human ancestor and a modern human, albeit slightly more similar to those of our archaic ancestors.These advanced and archaic features in one person suggest to the evolutionists that the individual was either an evolutionary intermediate between modern and ancient humans, or may have been a small-statured human who had a proportionally small head. Nonetheless, the find openly contradicts the prevailing anthropological view that humans evolved somewhere deep in sub-Saharan Africa, then gradually moved to other parts of the world. Instead, Hublin and his team argued that their fossils indicated Homo sapiens living in Morocco. And according to Sonia Zakrzewski, associate professor of archaeology at the University of Southampton, “Hublin’s discovery could encourage other archaeologists to change the way they think about human origins. ‘It really sets the world alight in terms of the possibilities for understanding the evolution of Homo sapiens….  we need to rethink our models.’”[17]SummaryAs more fossil finds are located and analyzed, the evolutionary story of human origins grows more complex and is more difficult to interpret in an evolutionary framework. One should note that, in both of the accounts briefly noted above, the evidence which the authors imply will revolutionize the story of human evolution consists of a minor tooth variation and two minor facial features: a brow ridge and small faces on rounder skulls. That minor details such as these can overturn previous evolutionary conclusions says reams about the evidence, or lack of evidence, that the original evolutionary stories by paleoanthropologists were based on.References[1] Charles Darwin. 1859. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London, UK: John Murray.[2] John Dupré. 2003. Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, p. 63.[3] Charles Darwin. 1871. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. London, UK: John Murray.[4] Charles River Editors. 2015. The Scopes Monkey Trial: The History of 20th Century America’s Most Famous Court Case. CreateSpace (published by the author: Charles River Editors).[5] Ginger, Ray. 1958.  Six Days or Forever?  Tennessee versus John Thomas Scopes.  New York, NY: Oxford University Press, p. 3.[6] Niles Eldredge. 1982. The Monkey Business: A Scientist Looks at Creationism. New York, NY: Washington Square Press, Chapter 3, pp. 41-50.[7] John Hawks. 2017. How much evidence have scientists found for human evolution? https://medium.com/@johnhawks/how-much-evidence-have-scientists-found-for-human-evolution-355801dfd35c[8] John Hawks, 2017.[9] John Hawks, 2017.[10] “Ancient Molar Points to Interbreeding Between Archaic Humans and Homo Sapiens in Asia.”Analysis Gives New Continental Bite to Evolution. July 8, 2019. New York University.[11] New York University. 2019. “Ancient molar points to interbreeding between archaic humans and Homo sapiens in Asia: Analysis gives new continental bite to evolution.” Science Daily, July 8. .[12] Shara E. Bailey, Jean-Jacques Hublin, and Susan C. Antón. Rare dental trait provides morphological evidence of archaic introgression in Asian fossil record. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019; 201907557 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1907557116.[13] Science Daily, July 8.[14] Shara E. Bailey, et al., 2019,p. 1.[15] Erin Brodwin. 2017. 300,000-year-old skulls that look shockingly like ours could rewrite the human origin story http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/archaeology/skulls-found-morocco-human-origins-discover-archaeology-a8047906.html.[16] Erin Brodwin, 2017, p. 1.[17] Quoted in Erin Brodwin, 2017, p. 1. Dr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 928 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Ntataise helps to give children the best start

first_imgThe benefits of early childhood development include greater physical, social, emotional and cognitive development and can have a telling effect on the child’s development into adulthood. (Image: Ntataise)Across the world people are waking up to the importance of making sure that the children in their care are equipped as best as possible, as soon as possible through early childhood development (ECD).ECD can mean closing the gaps between different classes and working to fight inequality in the long run by levelling the playing field. It can ensure that no class has an advantage over the next as a result of their upbringing.Ntataise, meaning “to lead a young child by the hand”, looks to use the benefits of ECD to foster a generation of children who are given the best possible start in life. Founded in 1980, the organisation was created with the aim of helping women living in underprivileged areas in Free State to establish their own ECD programmes.Since inception, the organisation has spread its influence from Free State to all corners of the country. It has been dedicated to improving the development of young children for the better part of the past three-and-a-half decades.Jane Evans, the founder and director of Ntataise, says the organisation is “one of the oldest and, I also like to think, one of the leading mental health organisations that works with communities in developing early childhood development for children who would otherwise not have access to this early intervention”.According to a report compiled by Ntataise, the organisation has empowered thousands of women across the country who have used the skills and knowledge acquired to benefit some 500 000 children. They have also helped to improve the standard of the programmes on offer nationwide. ECD can mean closing the gaps between different classes and working to fight inequality in the long run by levelling the playing field.NTATAISE NETWORKChief among the organisation’s successes is its ever-growing network, which includes some of the country’s leading ECD training organisations. The network has been in the making for more than 20 years and continues to swell its numbers as more and more people become aware of what ECD can offer.Today, the Ntataise network consists of 18 ECD programmes, spreading its influence to seven of South Africa’s nine provinces. Members of the network have access to:Accredited training programmes;Resources and learning materials;Moderation and assessment systems;Programme development; and,Mentoring, support and capacity building programmes for facilitators of ECD programmes.Angelina Mashio, the director of Siyathuthuka Nursery School Project, said the project had been “getting assistance from Ntataise since 2002”.“We also got training and more development, especially as new directors of organisations and programmes that offer this training,” she said. “Ntataise tries its best to improve our working conditions by capacitating us and developing our trainers.”The strength of the Ntataise programme lies in the fact that, through the network, it receives constant feedback from many sources. This allows it to continuously improve its programmes and ensure they are implemented properly and remain relevant.Its reports indicate that, through its network, Ntataise reaches about 3 000 practitioners and more than 100 000 children countrywide each year.GET INVOLVEDEvans believes it is vital that the public, the government and ECD organisations such as Ntataise work together to ensure the poorer sectors of society aren’t left behind.The sustainability of Ntataise’s programmes and its expansive network is dependent on the generosity of people who believe in the cause.To help ensure its longevity, visit the Ntataise website for more information regarding the part you can play in helping it deliver ECD programmes in future.last_img read more

Why Is Apple Still Holding On To iPods? Because We Still Need Them

first_imgchristina ortiz Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…center_img Tags:#Apple#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Everything coming from Apple is a multi-tasker, including the iPod. But, out of all of the devices in Apple’s lineup, the iPod Nano and Shuffle are the closest thing it has to a uni-tasker.Sure, the Nano can broadcast radio, track fitness, play videos and even make a decent compass, but it’s main job is play music. The iPhone does this too, along with just about everything else, so why is the company still holding on to such a seemingly simple device? Because some people still want to keep their music and their phones separate. It’s obvious that Apple knows when to give up on a device or project: Power Mac G4 Cube, MobileMe, Ping. There must be a good reason for keeping something on board that, by the numbers, isn’t as big a hit as it once was. In the third quarter of this year, Apple reported a 10% decline in iPod sales. (It didn’t specify which kinds of iPods sold, or didn’t sell.) In 2011 it was reported, that there was a decline in iPod sales since 2005 overall. After the launch of the 6th generation Nano, there was speculation that it would be the last of the line. It took a decade in gadget time (real time: two years) to get a new version. Despite the falling numbers, the Nano and Shuffle persist. But why? Doesn’t Apple want to push us to carry the brunt of our music on an iPod Touch or iPhone? Those devices – and their ability to perform countless tasks – are one of the reasons Apple is a big dog in the mobile world now. But when it comes to the Nano, Apple’s strategy is different. It only has one task during its life span: to play your music. And that explains it lasting appeal. I don’t like to carry my phone with me at the gym. Or when I’m out for a run, or when I’m on a plane. Or when I’m trying to have a peaceful moment without my phone reminding me that I have obligations and people trying to connect with me. I also don’t worry when my Nano is dropped, or gets near sand and sweat, as I do with my iPhone. It’s an expensive device, but it doesn’t carry as much weight, it’s easier to replace. It’s true, sometimes, you don’t want to be connected. You just want a moment to yourself (and your music) without the burden of our new found social world. That’s why Apple is holding onto the iPod. What do you think, is there still a market for this line of iPods and future ones, or is this a last-ditch effort from Apple to see if MP3 players are still viable? Do you still use your iPod or want a new one? last_img read more

World Cup 2019: Unpredictable Pakistan face Sri Lanka challenge

first_imgBuoyed by their comprehensive win over tournament favorites England, Pakistan will look to carry on the momentum when they take on Sri Lanka in their third World Cup game at the County Ground in Bristol on Friday.Both the teams, who were outplayed in their opening games, won their second games and made sure their fans don’t lose hope. While Pakistan was more convincing in their win against England, Sri Lanka was a bit rusty, especially in the batting department where they suffered a horrific batting collapse and almost surrendered before underdogs Afghanistan.It was only their pacers, especially Nuwan Pradeep and Lasith Malinga, who brought them back into the match and helped them register a narrow 34-run win in a match that was cut down to 41-overs affair due to rain.Pakistan, who were bundled out for 105 against West Indies, made a terrific turnaround against Eoin Morgan and boys as they first scored 348 and then successfully defended it on a batting-friendly Nottingham pitch in their second game. And thus, they would be the more confident side going into Friday’s match.Squads:Pakistan: Sarfaraz Ahmed (c, wk), Asif Ali, Hasan Ali, Shaheen Afridi, Mohammad Amir, Babar Azam, Mohammad Hafeez, Mohammad Hasnain, Imam-ul-Haq, Shadab Khan, Shoaib Malik, Wahab Riaz, Haris Sohail, Imad Wasim, Fakhar ZamanSri Lanka: Dimuth Karunaratne (c), Avishka Fernando, Suranga Lakmal, Lasith Malinga, Angelo Mathews, Jeevan Mendis, Kusal Mendis (wk), Kusal Perera (wk), Thisara Perera, Nuwan Pradeep, Dhananjaya de Silva, Milinda Siriwardana, Lahiru Thirimanne, Isuru Udana, Jeffrey VandersayadvertisementAlso Read | World Cup 2019: Virat Kohli fastest captain from sub-continent to 50 ODI winsAlso Read | World Cup 2019: Batsmen are clueless against Jasprit Bumrah, says Virat KohliAlso Seelast_img read more