Tag: 花龙凤

Turkey sentences Wall Street Journal reporter on terrorism charge

first_img Follow the news on Turkey Journalists threatened with imprisonment under Turkey’s terrorism law TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Protecting journalistsMedia independence Judicial harassmentArmed conflictsFreedom of expression Organisation News Help by sharing this information The Wall Street Journal announced on Tuesday that Albayrak, who has Turkish and Finnish dual nationality, has been sentenced in absentia to two years and one month in prison on a “terrorist propaganda” charge. She was in New York when the sentence was passed and plans to appeal. She was convicted in connection with an August 2015 article for which she went to Silopi, in southeastern Turkey, to cover fighting between government forces and members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). “We condemn this arbitrary and disproportionate sentence targeting a journalist whose only crime was to go into the field and report the facts, and thereby do her job,” RSF said. “We think the court’s decision is designed to discourage foreign journalists thinking of going to Turkey, and to restrict their activities there.” Albayrak has been working for the Wall Street Journal’s Istanbul bureau since 2010, covering Turkish politics, the situation of Syrian refugees, and Turkey’s Kurdish minority. Her conviction comes amid steadily mounting diplomatic tension between Turkey and the United States, in which both have just suspended issuing visas to the other country’s citizens. Turkey’s already worrying media situation has become critical under the state of emergency proclaimed after a coup attempt in July 2016. Around 150 media outlets have been closed, mass trials are being held and more than 100 journalists are currently in prison – a world record. Foreign journalists are no longer spared. Several dozen have been expelled in the past two years and some are still being held. They include Deniz Yücel, a journalist with German and Turkish dual nationality. Turkey is ranked 155th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2017 World Press Freedom Index. TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Protecting journalistsMedia independence Judicial harassmentArmed conflictsFreedom of expression to go further Turkey’s never-ending judicial persecution of former newspaper editor April 28, 2021 Find out more News April 2, 2021 Find out more News News Receive email alerts RSF_en The jail sentence that a Turkish court has passed on Wall Street Journal reporter Ayla Albayrak over her coverage of clashes between Kurdish separatists and Turkish security forces is disproportionate and intended to limit the activities of foreign journalists in Turkey, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) says. October 12, 2017 Turkey sentences Wall Street Journal reporter on terrorism charge Human rights groups warns European leaders before Turkey summit April 2, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Arroyo tells wife he intends to carry on with hunger strike

first_img September 26, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Arroyo tells wife he intends to carry on with hunger strike News to go further CubaAmericas Organisation RSF and Fundamedios welcome US asylum ruling in favor of Cuban journalist Serafin Moran Santiago Reporters Without Borders is very worried about the state of health of journalist Victor Rolando Arroyo Carmona, who has been on a hunger strike in protest against prison conditions for more than 15 days. Refusing a drip, he is extremely dehydrated. He has been in prison since March 2003 and is serving a 26-year sentence. October 12, 2018 Find out more CubaAmericas News October 15, 2020 Find out more RSF_en Help by sharing this information New press freedom predators elected to UN Human Rights Council Receive email alerts Follow the news on Cuba Cuba and its Decree Law 370: annihilating freedom of expression on the Internet May 6, 2020 Find out more Elsa González Padrón, who had not seen her jailed husband, Victor Rolando Arroyo Carmona, or had any word for him for four months, was finally able to see him for 10 minutes on 22 September, the Miami-based group “Municipios de Cuba en el exilio” (Cuban municipalities in exile) has reported.González was quoted as saying that, although in a very poor condition, her husband was still alert and lucid and said he was determined to press on with his hunger strike so that he would “no longer have to undergo constant human rights violations.” She is calling for a civilian doctor to be allowed to monitor him.______________________________________________________________23.09.05 – Imprisoned journalist enters third week of hunger strikeReporters Without Borders voiced deep concern about the condition of imprisoned journalist Victor Rolando Arroyo Carmona, who today began his third week on hunger strike. His wife, Elsa González Padrón, said he was transferred to a hospital in the southeastern city of Guantánamo on 17 September but is refusing a drip and is extremely dehydrated. He has been detained since March 2003.“The Cuban government does not stop at silencing independent journalists, it also lets them die slowly in dreadful prison conditions,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Arroyo’s hunger strike worries us all the more as he is already very debilitated by more than two years in Cuban jails. We hope at the very least that he will get an improvement in conditions and we reiterate our call to the government for the release of all of the 23 journalists currently in prison.”Arroyo reportedly went on hunger strike in protest against mistreatment, in particular, the psychological torture to which he is subjected by certain prison staff. He is often put in a punishment cell and does not get the treatment he needs for chronic ailments. Fellow prisoner of conscience Félix Navarro has also reportedly been on hunger strike for nearly 10 days in solidarity with Arroyo.González, who has not been able to visit her husband for nearly four months, was turned back at the entrance to the Guantánamo hospital when she tried to visit him on 22 September.Aged 53, Arroyo is a member of the Union of Cuban Journalists and Writers. He was arrested during the spring 2003 crackdown on dissidents and independent journalists and was sentenced on 30 March 2003 to 26 years in prison.Mirtha Wong has meanwhile said she is worried about the state of health of her husband, Oscar Mario González, who was arrested on 25 July and is awaiting trial for allegedly violating the draconian Law 88. She has called for husband’s release until the trial, in which he faces a possible sentence of more than 20 years in prison. News Newslast_img read more

Research links air quality, air safety

first_imgOn Jan. 15, 2009, Capt. Chesley Sullenberger carefully glided his US Airways Airbus A320 onto the Hudson River minutes after the plane lost both its engines. The miraculous touchdown saved all 155 passengers and crew. On the tape of his exchange with air traffic control, Sullenberger could be heard calmly working to avert catastrophe.Pilots face extreme pressure, both on the tarmac and in the air, and their ability to focus is critical to the safety of all those on board. But what happens to their performance when the air quality in the cockpit is less than ideal?In a study by investigators at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, a pilot’s ability to perform well on a series of stressful maneuvers dipped when levels of carbon dioxide on the flight deck rose. The research, supported by a gift from United Technologies to the Chan School’s Center for Climate, Health, and the Global Environment, was published last week in the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology.“We wanted to explore if we are doing everything we can to optimize pilot performance with regard to the air they are breathing on the flight deck,” said Joe Allen, an assistant professor of exposure assessment science and principal investigator of the study. “And we think CO2 levels are part of that equation.”Allen has spent years exploring how air quality affects on-the-job performance. A set of 2015 studies he led in collaboration with Syracuse University and SUNY Upstate Medical University found that CO2 levels and ventilation can affect cognitive function.,The new study, an initiative of the School’s Aviation for Health program, “combines our aviation work with the work we have been doing on indoor environments and helps shine a light for the first time on the air quality of the cockpit and how it can affect pilot performance,” said Allen.The research included a series of tests conducted in an A320 flight simulator with 30 commercial airline pilots. During three flight segments of three hours each, pilots were tested without the aid of autopilot. Their performances were assessed by a Federal Aviation Administration-approved pilot examiner.The FAA says that ventilation systems should maintain CO2 levels of 1,500 parts per million in the main cabin, but safety rules regarding cockpit access have made in-flight studies nearly impossible, limiting researchers’ understanding of CO2 concentrations on the flight deck. In one of the few authoritative studies, the European Aviation Safety Agency last year released air-quality measurements from the cockpits of 69 commercial airliners, including eight B787s. The mean CO2 concentration on the B787s was 603 ppm, compared with 835 ppm for the other planes.For each test, Allen and his team adjusted simulator CO2 levels to 700, 1,500, or 2,500 parts per million. The researchers took pilots through standard operations as well as a set of more difficult procedures, like landing an aircraft without one engine, a scenario similar to that faced by Capt. Tammie Jo Shults in her emergency landing of a Southwest Airlines plane in April.,Performances slipped as CO2 concentrations rose. The study notes that the “odds of passing a maneuver was 1.69 times larger when pilots were exposed to 700 parts per million compared to 2,500 parts per million,” and that at “1,500 ppm, the odds of pilot passing were 1.52 times higher than at 2,500 ppm.” In addition, “five of the seven most difficult maneuvers (steep turns, rejected takeoff, circling to land, landing with slat malfunction, and collision avoidance) showed higher passing rates at 700 ppm relative to 1,500 ppm.”The bottom line, said Allen, is that “pilots perform better when there are low concentrations of CO2 on the flight deck.”Study co-author Deborah Donnelly-McLay, a commercial pilot who connected with Allen while she was pursuing her master’s degree in history at the Harvard Extension School several years ago, helped recruit pilots for the research. She said finding willing test subjects wasn’t hard.“They were aware that research in the cockpit was lacking and so they were very happy to participate and to learn that somebody was looking into this and that something was being studied to benefit them,” said Donnelly-McLay.A pilot for 30 years, Donnelly-McLay expects the work to make an impact.“I think the key message for the aviation community, including the pilots, is that air quality is an important component of flight safety, which is of course everyone’s the final goal,” she said. “So any additional knowledge that we can bring to help support this goal just benefits everyone.”Allen said that the study could help inform how the airline industry and regulators approach ventilation standards.“Similar to our research on workers in office buildings, we are now asking the same question about pilots on airplanes — how can we leverage the power of better indoor air quality to optimize human performance?”Other co-authors on the study were Xiaodong Cao, Jose Guillermo Cedeño-Laurent, Skye Flanigan, Piers MacNaughton, Francisco Rueda, John Spengler, and Jose Vallarino.last_img read more