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‘Gov’t Needs to Focus on Youth Capacity Building’

first_img– Advertisement – Ms. Jackson: It is difficult for young people to believe in the famous saying that “Young people are the future leaders” when parents, government officials, guardians and others continue to brand them as troublemakers without recognizing their contributions to society.” Ms. Domaris E. M. Jackson, the winner of Messengers of Peace Youth Peace Dialogue Writing Competition for April, has called on the Government to build the capacity of young people across the country and recognize their contributions, especially to Liberia’s peace building.Ms. Jackson made the appeal yesterday at the official award ceremony at the Soltiamon Christian High School in Sinkor, when she received L$10,000, making her the third winner of the monthly competition which began in March. The Soltiamon Christian High School also provided an additional US$60 to Ms. Jackson for her impressive output in discussing peace in Liberia and for winning the competition.“In Liberia nowadays,” she said, “young people are being left out or are at the back when discussing peace and security. It is because they don’t have the (capacity) to explore and are often labeled as troublemakers and rebellious.”She stressed that government officials and some adults have failed to understand that while there are some irresponsible young people, the task of building an inclusive society requires the support of everyone, including the entire youth population.“The enormous task of creating a harmonious society is left in the hands of government officials and other adults. However, there is a need for the young people to be given the opportunity to be listened to and for their contributions to be recognized, because there are more young people that can be used as missionaries to develop this country,” Ms. Jackson said.Ms. Jackson, 20, indicated that peace and security are the inborn rights of every individual in society, adding, “Why will our government continue to label young people as troublemakers, suggesting that young people can only be used for destruction?“This country is a constitutional republic and according to article 11, every Liberian is born equally free and independent and has certain inherent rights to enjoy life, security, liberty and prosperity and others.”Ms. Jackson also said it is difficult for young people to believe in the famous saying that “Young people are the future leaders” when parents, government officials, guardians and others continue to brand them as troublemakers throughout the country, without recognizing their contributions to society.“We will not believe that young people are the future leaders until our capacities are built. And it is not because the government lacks the political will to make things happen for the young people but because they have refused to recognize the importance of young people in our society,” Ms. Jackson said.She lauded Messengers of Peace-Liberia (MOP) and the Daily Observer newspaper for birthing the opportunity to encourage young people to improve their writing skills, stating that “MOP is demonstrating its commitment to supporting peace and security in the country.”Elisabeth Harleman, head of Development Cooperation at the Swedish Embassy near Monrovia, said the potential of Liberia’s fragile peace and security rests on everyone, especially the young people.“Young people are the future leaders” when parents, government officials, guardians and others continue to brand them as troublemakers without recognizing their contributions to society.”“Each of you,” she said, “will have to contribute to strengthening the country’s democracy and political awareness and participation. Liberians have the power to create the kind of Liberia and the future you want. Peace is cardinal to building Liberia. No one is capable of giving you a better future than yourselves.”Madam Harleman urged young people to be active in the peace, security and development of the country, adding: “You must be able to find solutions in sustaining Liberia’s peace and political stability. The youth have a unique opportunity to bring Liberia back on track.”Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Fishing the North Coast: Green water and sunshine on the horizon

first_imgThere’s hope on the horizon for North Coast steelhead anglers.Even though you’ll see off and on rain through the weekend and into Monday, an extended period of sunshine and warmth is expected to arrive early next week.The dry weather will hopefully stick around long enough to give us a shot at some of the other coastal rivers that have been blown out since early January.The South Fork Eel, Van Duzen, Mad, and Redwood Creek should all have a chance at turning green before the rain returns, …last_img

Eassy to go live soon

first_imgThe Eassy cable has connection points along the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. James Wekesa is WIOCC’s chief commercial officer. (Images: WIOCC blog) MEDIA CONTACTS • James Wekesa WIOCC Chief Commercial Officer +254 20 374 6594/5 [email protected]  RELATED ARTICLES • Broadband boost as Eassy hits SA • Seacom: new era for SA internet • Better broadband for Africa • African broadband to rise 500% • Wacs cable gets the green light Bongani NkosiConstruction of Africa’s largest undersea fibre-optic broadband cable, the East African Submarine Cable System (Eassy), has been completed – paving the way for improved internet connectivity between the continent and the rest of the world.The West Indian Ocean Cable Company (WIOCC), the leading partner in the project, has announced that the installation of the Eassy cable was completed on 19 April along the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.This marked the conclusion of the installation phase of the project, which began in Maputo, Mozambique, in December 2009. The cable was laid by the Ile de Batz vessel.The next step is to test Eassy before introducing it to the market in July, said WIOCC’s CEO Chris Wood in a statement.“Now that this critical stage of the project has been completed successfully and ahead of time, we will start system testing almost immediately. Once this is finalised, we are looking forward to connecting our first customers to the network from July 2010.”Eassy now runs along the Indian Ocean floor to the Red Sea, from the coast of Mtunzini in South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal province to the major shipping zone of Port Sudan.Rivalling SeacomThe 10 000km-long high-capacity cable will significantly boost broadband connectivity and the general telecommunications industry in 21 sub-Saharan countries, connecting those states with each other and elsewhere around the globe.Eassy’s landing stations in Mtunzini, Port Sudan, Maputo, Toliary in Madagascar, Moroni in the Comoros, Dar es Salaam, Mombasa in Kenya and Djibouti offer greater connectivity than any other cable in the region, which includes Seacom.Eassy will have the capacity to transmit 1.4 Terabytes (Tb) per second, compared to the 600m-long Seacom, which offers bandwidth at the speed of 1.28Tb per second.Countries in East, Central and Southern Africa in particular will have access to faster and affordable broadband once Eassy is active. The cable will link with numerous other international undersea cable networks, creating a “diverse [and] seamless” connectivity to Europe, the Middle East, the Americas and Asia.“… Eassy offers carriers in Africa affordable, high-speed connectivity into other parts of the continent, and direct access to key internet exchange points in Europe and North America,” said James Wekesa, WIOCC’s chief commercial officer.“For international carriers, it offers a reliable, high-capacity route into parts of Africa that have previously been seen as difficult-to-reach locations. In both cases it does so with a degree of commercial flexibility that has until now been completely unattainable.”Connecting East Africa to EuropeEassy will be the first undersea cable system to directly connect Africa’s east coast nations to Europe. This gives it an edge when compared to existing systems, which are routed via India and the Middle East, according to Ryan Sher, chairperson of Eassy’s technical working group.“… Other east coast systems use longer routes via the Middle East or India; our optimised routing means that we are able to offer the lowest latency service to our customers,” Sher said.“Eassy will … minimise the time taken for traffic from Africa to reach the key internet peering points in Europe and North America, and vice versa,” he added.The majority of international traffic is internet-based, and most of Africa’s internet traffic is destined for Europe and the US “where the most popular content and applications are located”, Sher said. “Our ability to deliver content faster gives us and our customers a competitive edge in the market.”Reaching out to landlocked countriesNine landlocked African countries – Botswana, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Lesotho – will also enjoy more efficient broadband connection through Eassy.“At WIOCC we are also working with our shareholders to deliver high-speed, fibre-optic connectivity not just to the Eassy landing stations, but deep into the interior of Africa,” said Wood. This will enable us to satisfy the growing customer demand for end-to-end service and provide improved geographic reach.”A major African stakeAs the largest shareholder with a 29% stake, WIOCC was set up specifically to drive investment in the Eassy cable system. The consortium’s headquarters are in Kenya’s capital city of Nairobi. It was initially owned by 12 African telecommunications companies, until Zimbabwe’s TelOne and the Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company bought in recently.The two joined Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, Dalkom Somalia, Djibouti Telecom, Gilat Satcom Nigeria, the government of Seychelles, Lesotho Telecommunications Authority, Onatel Burundi, Telkom Kenya, TDM Mozambique, U-COM Burundi, Uganda Telecom and Zantel Tanzania.All WIOCC’s sub-Saharan Africa stakeholders will play a key role in rolling out the fibre-optic networks, generated from Eassy, in their respective countries.Numerous other public and private companies have invested in Eassy. South Africa’s MTN, Vodacom, Neotel and Telkom also have a stake. Others include Sudan Telecom Limited, Comores Telecom, Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited, Zambia Telecommunications Company Limited and Mauritius Telecom.African telecom operators own more than 92% of the Eassy project, with the remaining shares taken up by international ventures, such as France Telecom, Saudi Arabia’s Saudi Telecom Company, Bharti Airtel India and the Communications Global Networks Services.last_img read more

Two Rules for Humidity

first_imgWe use that fact to our benefit with dehumidifiers, which run humid air over a cold coil, condensing out a good deal of water vapor. When we’re talking about parts of a building, though, we’d rather not have water vapor condensing on (or absorbing/adsorbing in) materials, whether we’re talking about bathroom windows, crawl space band joists, or vinyl-covered walls. So here are the two rules.Rule 1: Keep humid air away from cool surfacesWhen you’re looking at plans for a building or trying to understand what went wrong in an actual building, a good place to start is identifying where the humid air is and what parts of the building it’s in contact with. If you’ve got a vented crawl space in a humid climate, the humid air is in that crawl space. The dew point of that air could be 75°F or higher. When the living space above is being conditioned, the floor could go below the dew point, depending on how cool the occupants keep the house. But even when the thermostat is at 75°F, the floor could be cooler. If that crawl space air finds any wood or other materials cooled by contact with the space above, those materials could be sucking up water from the humid air.You could have problems in winter, too. The photo below (Image #2) shows the band joist, floor trusses, and subfloor in a crawl space on a cold day. The builder would go on to encapsulate the crawl space to prevent this problem, but they didn’t get the vapor barrier installed in time to prevent this mess. The humid air in the crawl space found cold surfaces everywhere while the house was still being framed.With crawl spaces, you can achieve the separation of humid air and cool surfaces a number of ways. You can encapsulate the crawl space and remove the humid air. Or you could make sure the humid crawl space air doesn’t come anywhere near surfaces that might be below the dew point. Fiberglass batts in the floor won’t get you there. You’ll need to use closed-cell spray foam or put some kind of air barrier (usually rigid foam board) over the bottom of the floor joists.The same applies to every other part of a house. Where you have humid air, you need to make sure there are no cool surfaces. Sometimes those surfaces are cooled by air conditioning. Sometimes they’re cooled by outdoor weather.Rule 2: Keep surfaces warm when they’re in contact with humid airOK, the second rule is really the same as the first one, but in reverse. (Technically, it’s the contrapositive for you logicians out there.) The first rule says where you have cool surfaces (i.e., below the dew point), you need to keep humid air away. The second rule says where you have humid air, you need to keep the neighboring surfaces above the dew point.Think of a wall assembly. Moving from inside the house to outside, the basic assembly consists of drywall, framing/cavity insulation, sheathing, and cladding. Where’s the humid air? In summer, it’s most likely outdoors. If you don’t want outdoor water vapor condensing on your siding or sheathing, you need to make sure those materials don’t go below the dew point. If you’ve got insulation in the walls, you’re most likely not going to have a problem here. Even with no insulation, those walls aren’t likely to be below the dew point unless you’re keeping the house really, really cold.The surface most likely to be at a temperature below the dew point is the drywall. If you’ve got a problem there, you’ve violated Rule 1. That means your wall sheathing isn’t acting as a good air barrier. (The lead photo in this article shows a case where that happened.)The more common example of a Rule 2 violation is condensation on interior side of the exterior sheathing in cold weather. If you keep the air in the home at 70°F and 40% relative humidity, the dew point is 45°F. Normally we wouldn’t consider that to be humid air, but it could certainly find surfaces below 45°F in winter. That makes it a potential source of moisture problems.With the water vapor inside the house and the cold surfaces on the outside, we just need to make sure keep the humid air in contact with only warm surfaces. That means we need good insulation to make sure the drywall stays warm. And we need good air sealing to keep the humid air from getting into the wall and finding cold sheathing.But even those approaches aren’t quite enough for houses in cold climates. Water vapor can move through a wall assembly by diffusion as well as by air leakage. Using continuous insulation outboard of the sheathing solves that problem by keeping the sheathing warmer. Martin Holladay has covered this subject in his article, “Calculating the Minimum Thickness of Rigid Foam Sheathing.” The newer codes also include requirements for continuous insulation in some climates.If you opt for double-stud walls, you’ve got to make sure you have a vapor retarder to slow the movement of water vapor to the cold sheathing. See my article on double-stud walls for more on that issue. Another good resource is Martin Holladay’s article, “How Risky Is Cold OSB Wall Sheathing?”Keeping things dryWater vapor probably gets more attention than it deserves in our discussions of moisture problems in buildings. Bulk water from bad flashing, stupid roof design, and failing gutters cause a lot more problems than water vapor. Still, water vapor does matter. As I write this, condensation is dripping down a bathroom window somewhere and mold is growing in a house with poorly insulated walls and unvented space heaters. If you can identify a problem resulting from humid air, you have two ways to deal with it: keep the humid air away from cool surfaces or keep surfaces warm when they’re in contact with humid air. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, building science consultant, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. RELATED ARTICLESWhat Is the Ideal Relative Humidity in Winter?Worries About Trapping MoistureAll About Wall RotWhen Sunshine Drives Moisture Into WallsAll About Vapor Diffusion Calculating the Minimum Thickness of Rigid Foam SheathingHow Risky Is Cold OSB Wall Sheathing? Because I’ve written so much about moisture in buildings, I get a lot of questions on the topic. Some are about walls. Some are about the attic. Some are about windows. Some are about the crawl space (which generates the most questions on this topic).The key to answering a lot of those questions boils down to an understanding of how water vapor interacts with materials. Once you know that, it’s easy to see the two rules for preventing damage from humidity.How water vapor interacts with materialsThe first thing to understand is that water vapor floating around in the air gets pulled in by the materials in contact with the air. Let’s ignore the issue of hygroscopic materials here and focus on the effect of temperature. The dividing line is the dew point temperature. When the temperature of a material is above the dew point, we don’t get condensation. When it’s below the dew point, condensation happens. And the lower the temperature of a material, the more water vapor it will pull out of the air.last_img read more