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Graduate students paved way for women on campus

first_imgEditor’s note: This is the first in a five-day series discussing the role of women at Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s, in honor of the 40th anniversary of coeducation at the University this year. The current academic year marks the 40th anniversary of coeducation at Notre Dame, but a number of Catholic sisters and laywomen pursued graduate degrees at the University long before undergraduate women were first admitted in 1972. Often unheralded as alumna of Our Lady’s University, these women received doctorates in English and economics, earned master’s degrees in education and paved the way for future generations of young women to be educated at Notre Dame. Two of these women – Anne Lenhard Benington and Sister Victoria Forde – shared their stories with The Observer to commemorate this landmark anniversary. Continuing the family tradition Anne Lenhard Benington, a 1965 alumna of the University’s since-terminated graduate education program, began her master’s degree in teaching after completing one year of graduate study in French literature at Indiana University. She had also recently become engaged to her future husband, then a soon-to-be naval officer. A native of Mishawaka, Benington said she was familiar with Notre Dame and its academic programs, especially the education program. Dr. Michael Lee headed the program at the time. “I had heard about [Lee’s] approach and I really had always wanted to teach either college or secondary [school],” Benington said. “When I decided that I was going to get a degree in education I thought his program was really what I was looking for.” Because her father graduated from Notre Dame and her relatives helped build the Joyce Athletic and Convocation Center and Fisher Hall, Benington said her acceptance into the education program was even more meaningful. “My life had been tied to Notre Dame for such a long time,” she said. “My father … had hoped women would be included … so I think he was pleased when I was accepted into at least a graduate program.” Although the program was academically challenging, Benington said she felt no particular stress as a woman in a traditionally male academic environment. “Dr. Lee ran an amazing program,” she said. “I was with his class mostly in groups of six or seven people,” she said. “There was lots of collegiality that way. There was no pressure at that point.” ‘A fact of life’ But outside the classroom, Benington said being a non-religious woman on campus brought unwanted attention. “The women on campus who were not nuns definitely felt that they stood out,” Benington said. “You were sort of an anomaly. I would say it was … uncomfortable, especially coming from Indiana University where I was a resident assistant … and then going to Notre Dame, which was such a male bastion at the time.” Fortunately, Benington said her engagement to her husband afforded her some protection from some of the issues faced by her female classmates. Still, she said the culture on campus was uncomfortable. “I was engaged to be married that summer, but [gender inequity] was just a fact of life,” she said. “I think this was true of other students too, but it helped being in a program where we had definite goals and knew what we were doing.” Even with a Notre Dame degree, strong family ties to the University and a 30-year teaching career, Benington said she did not feel like a full member of the alumni community until recently. “I would say up until about the last three or four years I don’t think women from my age or older were really accepted [as alumnae],” she said. “Since they completely eliminated the education department, there’s no recognition at all for people who went through that program.” Benington said this feeling of exclusion has diminished slightly over the years. “You sort of felt like the orphaned child,” she said. “It was what it was and there was nothing you could ever do about it, but it was a little bit strange.[The University] is starting to address that a little bit more now.” Sister and scholar One of the last Catholic sisters to complete a graduate degree at Notre Dame prior to 1972, Forde traveled to South Bend in 1963 on behalf of her religious community, the Sisters of Charity. Her order asked her to pursue a master’s degree in English literature. Once she completed her master’s in 1969 after taking summer courses, Forde said her professors encouraged her to complete a doctoral degree as well. Forde attained her Ph.D. from Notre Dame in 1973. Forde also served as as assistant director during the first year of Notre Dame’s London undergraduate program in 1984. “[My Notre Dame education] impacted me immensely,” Forde said. “After getting my Ph.D. I went out to teach at the College of Mount St. Joseph, and I was using everything I’d learned.I was also able to bring in my dissertation adviser as a guest speaker and poet, so that was a lot of fun, too.” Changing habits As a young American sister, Forde began her Notre Dame education while the Second Vatican Council met, from 1962-65, an especially significant period in Church history. The subsequent reforms implemented by Vatican II allowed the sisters to reevaluate how they chose to express their faith in everyday life. “Some women came to talk to us … who were out of habit, or at least in the modified habit, which was really something for us who were all in full habits,” she said. “They asked if we were angry, and I thought, ‘Angry? What am I supposed to be angry about?’ It made us more aware of our position in the Church.” The changes brought on by Vatican II encouraged the sisters’ further assimilation into the greater Notre Dame community, Forde said. “When I started [at Notre Dame] … you could find any habit from orders from the United States and Canada on campus,” she said. “By the time I finished my master’s, we were out of our habits. When I was teaching as a graduate student teaching assistant, … the freshmen were seeing a different nun in lay clothes.” However, Forde said she was treated differently while studying abroad in London for a summer. “I was dressed in a blue suit. … People [in London and Ireland] made cracks about me being a sister not dressed in the habit, but my Notre Dame experience gave me strength. I just rolled it off and didn’t let it bother me.” Among the University’s intellectual community, though, Forde said she always felt welcome. “Maybe it’s different because I was a sister, but I always thought I had a lot of respect … among the underclassmen and people on campus,” she said. “As graduate students, we would all go to professors’ homes and had a good time socializing. I never felt uncomfortable.” After completing her two Notre Dame degrees, Forde channeled her personal and educational experiences into creating women’s studies program at the College of Mount St. Joseph, the liberal arts college affiliated with her religious order. “It all began at Notre Dame during Vatican II,” she said. “That [experience] has affected me greatly.” Part of the family Though their backgrounds differed prior to coming to Notre Dame, both Forde and Benington said their educational experiences at the University have shaped their lives ever since. “I love Notre Dame, so I had a good experience all the way through it,” Forde said. “I still correspond with other sisters who were in Lewis Hall with me, some of whom have left their orders and are laywomen now.” A member of the Notre Dame family by birth, Benington said she appreciates the role the University has played in her life and that of the young women who came after her. “Having the Notre Dame degree and the whole family of Notre Dame as part of my life has been … very enriching,” she said. “I just feel so lucky now that women are … part of the school. I’m just glad to be sort of one of the forerunners of that.” Contact Kristen Durbin atkdurbin@nd.edulast_img read more

Second DCA JNC taking applications

first_img December 1, 2002 Regular News S econd DCA JNC taking applications Applications are being sought to fill a vacancy on the Second District Court of Appeal, created by the resignation of Judge John R. Blue effective January 31, 2003.Applications will be screened by the Second District Court of Appeal Judicial Nominating Commission, which will send nominees to the governor. The governor then has 60 days from the receipt of the nominees to make the appointment.Applicants must reside within the Second DCA, be a registered voter, and have been a member in good standing of The Florida Bar for the preceding 10 years. Application forms are available from Ky M. Koch, 200 N. Garden Avenue, Suite A, Clearwater 33755.Ten copies of the completed application and attachments must be received by Koch no later than 5 p.m., Wednesday, December 4. Application forms are also available to download from The Florida Bar Web site at www.FLABAR.org.Any questions concerning this process should be directed to Koch at (727) 446-6248. Second DCA JNC taking applicationslast_img read more

Toll rises to 19 from violence in Indian capital: Hospital official

first_imgAt least 19 people have been killed in the Indian capital during clashes between opposing protesters over a new citizenship law, a senior hospital official told Reuters on Wednesday, even as an eerie calm descended on some riot-torn areas of New Delhi.”There are 15 patients in critical condition,” the hospital official from the Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital told Reuters, adding that a total of 19 people had now died at the facility. Police used tear gas and smoke grenades, but struggled to disperse stone-throwing crowds.The clashes, which coincided with a visit to India by U.S. President Donald Trump, erupted early this week between thousands demonstrating for and against the new citizenship law introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist led government. Critics say the law is biased against Muslims and undermines India’s secular constitution. Topics :last_img read more

Arsenal handed boost as Napoli boss Carlo Ancelotti rules out Kieran Tierney transfer

first_imgArsenal handed boost as Napoli boss Carlo Ancelotti rules out Kieran Tierney transfer Advertisement Arsenal have failed with two bids to sign Celtic star Kieran Tierney (Picture: Getty)Napoli boss Carlo Ancelotti appears to have cleared the path for Arsenal to sign Kieran Tierney after ruling out a move for the Celtic left-back.Reports claim the Gunners are confident of agreeing a deal for Tierney after a breakthrough in talks with the Bhoys despite failing with £15m and £25m bids for the 22-year-old.It’s understood Celtic are holding out for an offer of at least £30m for the Scotland international.Though Napoli have also been linked with Tierney in recent weeks, Ancelotti insists the club have no interest as they are satisfied with their current full-backs.ADVERTISEMENTMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityAsked about Napoli’s interest in Tierney, Ancelotti replied: ‘Honestly, I’m not interesting in signing him.AdvertisementAdvertisement‘He is a really good young left back but he is a Celtic player.‘We are looking for a lot of players for this coming season but he is a Celtic player and we have two good left backs.‘But honestly I can say he is a really good player.’ Comment Arsenal are expected to announce Nicolas Pepe’s arrival this coming week (Picture: Getty)Unai Emery claims Arsenal are working on bringing in players ‘who will improve the squad’ before transfer deadline day.‘The club is thinking on how we can improve,’ he said following Arsenal’s 2-1 defeat to Lyon at the Emirates Cup.‘There are different players on the table. Pepe’s a very good player. We only want players who can really, really improve the squad.‘We want the best players possible for the first game at Newcastle.’Asked whether Arsenal require a new winger before the end of the transfer window, Emery replied: ‘Again, we really want players who make the squad better than last year.’MORE: Manchester United transfer target Moussa Dembele breaks silence on his future after helping Lyon beat Arsenalcenter_img Advertisement Ancelotti insists Napoli are ‘not interested’ in Tierney (Picture: Getty)Napoli have also been heavily linked with Nicolas Pepe, 24, this summer, but Arsenal have reportedly won the race for the Lille forward.Asked about the prospect of missing out on Pepe to Arsenal,Ancelotti replied: ‘I’m not disappointed.‘I don’t like to talk about players of other teams. The market is so long.‘We are looking. If there are opportunities, we can do it.’ Metro Sport ReporterSunday 28 Jul 2019 9:59 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link689Shareslast_img read more

Construction work well off highs as Qld building approvals slide: ABS

first_imgConstruction work is down 40 per cent from the highs of the mining boom in Qld, according to ABS. Photo: Jodie Richter.CONSTRUCTION work done in Queensland in the past quarter was down 40 per cent from the highs of the mining boom, according to the latest figures. While building activity in the states of NSW and Victoria has hit record highs, it’s a different story in the resource states of Queensland and Western Australia.According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), construction work completed in the June quarter surged by 9.3 per cent nationally, but it only rose by 2.1 per cent in Queensland.Building approvals data also released by the ABS highlighted the downward trend in Queensland.Permits to build dwellings in the state fell a seasonally adjusted 2.6 per cent in July to 3,388 — down 20.1 per cent on the same period last year.Nationally, building approvals were down 1.7 per cent for the month and almost 14 per cent lower than a year ago, but economists had expected a bigger fall of 5 per cent.There was renewed weakness in apartment approvals, which were down 6.7 per cent during the month. Tennis court for sale (the home’s not bad either) More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home1 hour agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor1 hour ago Qld house sales fall off a cliff Bag yourself a bargain bungalow The figures follow a sharp decline shown in Tuesday’s Housing Industry Association new home sales data and continue the trend of a housing construction sector coming off its peak.Master Builders Australia said the boom in apartment construction could not last forever and some correction was to be expected, especially in the Brisbane and Melbourne markets.HIA principal economist Tim Reardon said the figures showed the detached house building sector had plateaued at a high level while the building of multi-unit projects was sliding.“The slowdown in the multi-unit sector is also showing up in the amount of work done on all residential sites,” he said.“This slowdown in on-site activity is likely to see residential building have a negative impact on GDP growth for the June quarter,”Mr Reardon said the significant variation in industry conditions between apartments and houses across the states was likely to continue for some time.last_img read more

Pension funds’ ETF allocations driven by diversification, study shows

first_imgPension fund allocations to exchange-traded fund (ETFs) are driven by diversification and tactics over short-term transition management, research shows.Schemes’ allocations have grown in recent years but are perceived to be used mainly in investment strategy transition and overlay management.However, research from Greenwich Associates found that pension funds hold onto ETF investments for an average of 29 months, the highest of all institutions in Europe.Its survey of 120 European institutional investors, of which 68 were pension funds, found that one-quarter actively allocate to ETFs. Between the insurance company, asset manager and pension fund respondents, investors allocate an average of 7% of assets to ETFs, the study showed.Greenwich said differences in pension fund regulation within Europe meant it was difficult to make country comparisons, but that public and industry-wide schemes were more likely to use ETFs than company schemes.The study, sponsored by BlackRock, also found 69% of pension fund investors used ETFs for international diversification.More than half (53%) used the funds for tactical adjustment in portfolios, as well as part of a core allocation.Only 9% used ETFs for transitional management, with roughly one in 10 using the strategy for interim beta or overlay management.The report said: “Despite the widespread use of ETFs for tactical applications, few institutions are employing ETFs as true short-term investments.“Less than 2% of study participants report average holding periods of a month or shorter. In practice, European pension funds seem to be employing ETFs in the most strategic manner.”The study also anticipated a growing interest from pension funds, with more than one-fifth of institutions expected to increase ETF exposure over the next three years.However, Greenwich said the actual rate could be higher, as investors – particularly those on the Continent – continuing to diversify away from European government bonds.“As they do so, [investors] are moving beyond the area of expertise and the capabilities of the internal investment departments that have managed sizeable portions of those assets,” the report said.“These changes will likely create demand for new means of achieving desired investment exposures and for new tools for risk management, transition management and other functions associated with more diverse and complex portfolios.”Greenwich also said it expected ETF usage to expand further away from equities, where it is primarily used.“Robust adoption rates in fixed income and experimentation with ETFs in new asset classes such as commodities will also drive ETF growth,” it said.Research from PwC said 78% of asset managers and investment companies surveyed in its report expected total assets in ETFs to increase from $2.6trn (€2.3trn) to $5trn in 2020.last_img read more

Noble Corp. lands extensions for jack-ups working in UK and Saudi Arabia

first_imgOffshore drilling contractor Noble Corporation has been awarded contract extensions for two jack-up rigs in the UK and Saudi Arabia.Noble Sam Hartley; Source: Noble Corp.In its latest fleet status report released on Thursday, Noble Corp. said that Total had awarded a contract extension to the Noble Sam Hartley jack-up.The extension is from mid-July to mid-April 2020. The 2014-built rig has been working for Total in the UK since October 2018.According to Bassoe Offshore, the dayrate for the rig’s contract and extension with Total is $90,000.Furthermore, Saudi Aramco has awarded an extension to the Noble Joe Beall jack-up. This will keep the rig working in Saudi Arabia until late December 2019 with a dayrate of $65,000.The Noble Joe Beall has been working for Saudi Aramco since January 2016. The rig was built in 1981 and rebuilt in 2004.In other news, the 2013-built drillship Noble Don Taylor is preparing at a shipyard in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico for mobilization to Guyana where it will operate for ExxonMobil.The 2014-built jack-up Noble Houston Colbert is at a shipyard in the UK preparing for a contract with an unnamed client, which is scheduled to start in early November 2019.Offshore Energy Today StaffSpotted a typo? Have something more to add to the story? Maybe a nice photo? Contact our editorial team via email. Also, if you’re interested in showcasing your company, product or technology on Offshore Energy Today, please contact us via our advertising form where you can also see our media kit.last_img read more

Sierra Leone in Lockdown to stop Ebola

first_imgThousands of teams will be around the country, knocking on doors to remind people how Ebola is spread and how to prevent it.The government of Siera Leone has enforced a three day lockdown where the countries six million people will  be forced to stay at home as a measure taken by authorities in its final push against  Ebola.Thousands of teams will  be around the country, knocking on doors to remind people how Ebola is spread and how to prevent it.In regions around the capital and in the North where flare-ups persist, health workers will also search for Ebola cases.There is a two-hour exemption on Friday to allow Muslim prayers and a five-hour window for Christians on Sunday.Volunteers are going door-to-door, looking for people with signs of the disease and reminding others how to stay safe.Ebola has infected nearly 12,000 people in Sierra Leone, more than in any other country, and it has resorted to some of the most stringent measures to stop the disease.The September shutdown was thought to be the first time since the plague devastated Europe in the Middle Ages that such a dramatic step has been taken.While recent weeks have seen a steep reduction in infections, 33 new cases were confirmed in Sierra Leone last week, according to the World Health Organization. Still, the outbreak is most worrying in Guinea, where it is driven by hidden cases.Liberia currently has only one patient in treatment.Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma vows to do “whatever it takes” to get to zero cases.Starting Friday at 6 a.m. (0600 GMT), Sierra Leoneans were asked to stay in their homes until Sunday evening.Markets, shops, restaurants and bars must shut. Muslims will be allowed to attend prayers on Friday, and Christians can go to services on Sunday, the start of Holy Week before Easter.last_img read more

Football Friday-Week #2 (8-30)

first_imgListen to The Sports Voice-Country 103.9 WRBI this Football Friday Night for exciting area High School Football Action.On the Radio-The Battle Of Ripley County.  The Batesville Bulldogs host The Milan Indians.On the Web-The I-74 Border War.  The East Central Trojans host The Harrison Wildcats.Kickoff for both games will be at 7.WRBI’s Countdown To Kickoff at 6.WRBI will keep you updated with our other area games.Franklin County at Connersville. Oldenburg Academy at Indy Southside Home School Academy. Greensburg at Jennings County. North Decatur at Edinburgh. South Decatur at Eastern Hancock. South Dearborn hosts Madison. Lawrenceburg at Taylor. Rushville hosts New Castle. Union County hosts Adams Central.Indiana Sports Talk With Bob Lovell follows our games.last_img

Vardy commits to Foxes

first_img Press Association The 27-year-old joined Leicester in the summer of 2012 from Fleetwood Town and has netted 21 times in 70 appearances for the club, including 16 goals last term as the Foxes won the Sky Bet Championship title. Vardy, who was named Players’ Player of the Year by his Leicester team-mates for last season, told lcfc.com: “I’m over the moon. We all know that the club wants to keep improving and stay in the Premier League, and I definitely want to be a part of that. “Everyone knows the way that I’ve come back into football (from non-league), and we managed to get promoted last season, but now it’s all about making sure that we stay in the Premier League. “(Manager) Nigel Pearson brought me here and he wants the club to maintain their Premier League status. He was a big influence (on him signing a new deal) and now I’ve just got to repay him on the field.” Vardy joins Danny Drinkwater, Matty James, Liam Moore, Wes Morgan, David Nugent, Jeff Schlupp, Kasper Schmeichel, Gary Taylor-Fletcher and Marcin Wasilewski in signing new deals since winning Leicester secured promotion in April. center_img Leicester striker Jamie Vardy has signed a new four-year contract tying him to the Barclays Premier League newcomers until June, 2018.last_img read more